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The 29 principles

The right to  :

Principe 01 : une jouissance universelle des droits humains

Principe 02 : l'égalité et à la non-discrimination

Principe 03 : la reconnaissance devant la Loi

Principe 04 : la vie

Principe 05 : la sûreté de sa personne

Principe 06 : la vie privée

Principe 07 : ne pas être privé de sa liberté arbitrairement

Principe 08 : un procès équitable

Principe 09 : un traitement humain lors d'une détention

Principe 10 : ne pas être soumis à aucun traitement dégradant

Principe 11 : la protection contre la traite des êtres humains

Principe 12 : au travail

Principe 13 : la protection sociale

Principe 14 : un niveau de vie suffisant

Principe 15 : un logement convenable

Principe 16 : l'éducation

Principe 17 : un niveau de santé le plus haut possible

Principe 18 : la protection contre les abus médicaux

Principe 19 : la liberté d'opinion et d'expression

Principe 20 : la liberté d'association et de réunion

Principe 21 : la liberté de pensée, de conscience, de religion

Principe 22 : la liberté de circulation

Principe 23 : demander l'asile

Principe 24 : fonder une famille

Principe 25 : participer à la vie publique

Principe 26 : prendre part à la vie culturelle

Principe 27 : promouvoir les droits humains

Principe 28 : des recours et à un redressement efficace

Principe 29 : la responsabilité des états

Laws should help us live better our identity
provided they are effective.

The principles of Yogyakarta

What is it about ?

The Yogyakarta principles are a series of principles on the application of international human rights law in relation to sexual orientation and gender identity. The principles affirm to bind the international legal standards with which the States must conform. They promise a different future, where all human beings, born free and equal in dignity and rights, can enjoy this precious right to life.


Human rights violations against people because of their real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity are a global and rooted source of deep concern. They consist of extrajudicial killings, torture and ill-treatment, sexual assault and rape, invasion of privacy, arbitrary detention, denial of employment and educational opportunities, and severe discrimination against the enjoyment of other human rights. Key United Nations human rights mechanisms have affirmed the obligation of States to guarantee effective protection to all against discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. However, the international response to these issues has been fragmented and inconsistent, creating the need for a coherent understanding of the entire international human rights law regime and its application to issues related to the sexual orientation and gender identity. This is the purpose of the Yogyakarta principles.


A key event in the development of the principles was the international seminar bringing together these experts at the Gadjah Mada University of Yogyakarta in Indonesia, from 06 to 09 November 2006. This seminar clarified the nature, scope and application of States' human rights obligations related to sexual orientation and gender identity in the context of human rights law and treaties of modern man.

The Yogyakarta principles address a wide range of human rights standards and their application to issues related to sexual orientation and gender identity. These include extrajudicial killings, violence and torture, access to justice, privacy, non-discrimination, rights to freedom of expression and association, employment, health, education, immigration and refugee issues, participation in public life and a variety of other rights. The principles affirm the primary obligation of states to fulfill human rights. Each principle is accompanied by detailed recommendations for States.

The Yogyakarta principles (in Indonesia) were presented to the United Nations Human Rights Council on March 26, 2007. In view of these principles, the United Nations General Assembly issued the Declaration on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity on December 18, 2008.

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