Transphobia is social hell
for transgender people.
What is transphobia ?
Transphobia is an aversion towards transgender people that can result in the expression of hostility towards them. It can manifest itself in physical and/or moral and verbal violence and discriminatory behavior.
There are two forms of transphobia: "institutional" transphobia and "relational" transphobia, direct or indirect.
The term "transphobia" contains the prefix "trans" and the suffix "phobia", which originates from the Greek term "phobos" which means "fear", "fear". In French, the element forming "-phobia" expresses an "aversion".
Transphobia is therefore defined as an aversion or hatred expressed or felt towards transgender people or perceived as such, and associated with prejudices with regard to the transition.
This frontline transphobia is constituted by "cissexism" and "cisgenderism".
Cissexism is a form of oppression that targets gender identity and establishes the correspondence between gender and the sex determined at birth as preferable.
Misgendering a person, intentionally or unintentionally, is ordinary transphobia.
It is often the prerogative of the direct entourage of the transgender person: family, friends, work colleagues.
It is the one that does the most damage because in the long run, it wears down the morale of the transgender person who suffers in silence because she is afraid of disturbing. She wonders each time if it's clumsiness, oversights, ill will or pure wickedness.
According to Arnaud Alessandrin, relational transphobia covers direct transphobia, which is manifested by the immediate rejection of transidentity, and indirect transphobia, which is a staging of cisgender assumptions (representations as the norm of an identity corresponding to a sex). and it concerns all the words and daily representations in a cisgendered world.
It is aggravated by belonging to an ethnic group other than the white race, by poverty, by unemployment, by discrimination in the work and medical environment, in shops, in access to housing, by the rejection of the family and by the violation of their fundamental rights. The fear of this transphobia causes some transgender people to avoid going to certain places and hide or mask their true gender identity. Raising public awareness of the reality of trans identity could improve the evolution of social norms and combat gender stereotypes.
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The pyramid of transphobia
Cissexism, cisgenderism, cisnormativity
Cissexism is a form of oppression that targets gender identity and establishes the correspondence between gender and the sex determined at birth as preferable. It is the refusal to accept the identity of trans people as being as legitimate as those of cisgender people.
Some sociologists suggest using this term to qualify transphobic discrimination. This makes it possible to show that there is not an irrational and individual fear of trans people, but of gender-related violence, which structures society as a whole.
Cisgenderism is a system of oppression that affects trans people, sometimes referred to as transphobia. It manifests itself on the legal, political, economic, social, medical and normative levels. This term refers to the fact of considering that all men and all women who are born biologically male and female respectively are the norm and of considering that trans people are inferior to cis people. Cisnormativity is a specific impediment affecting trans people and discriminating against them for not conforming to the dominant binary gender model.